G. Thomas Munsterman, et al., Jury Trial Innovations, pp. 171-73 and Appendix 9 (3rd ed. 1997) (presenting sample jury instructions on this topic).
American Judicature Society, Behind Closed Doors: A Resource Manual to Improve Jury Deliberations (1999) (discussing research and proposing a 10-page booklet for jurors to use in organizing their deliberations).
Hastie, Penrod, and Pennington, Inside the Jury (Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 1983), pp. 230, 232-33 (concluding that “early and frequent voting is … obstructive of reaching a verdict. High rates of voting are associated with the appearance of tight-knit, defensive factions that do not devote all of their energies to an open-minded search for truth in the evidence. Jury instructions should caution the jury to avoid early or frequent polling during deliberation.” ).
Arizona Supreme Court Committee on More Effective Use of Juries, Jurors: The Power of 12, p. 104 and Exhibit H (1994) (proposing a jury instruction).
District of Columbia Jury Project, Juries for the Year 2000 and Beyond, pp. 65-67 (1998) (proposing a jury instruction).
California Blue Ribbon Commission on Jury System Improvement, Final Report, p. 99 and Appendix O (1996) (proposing a jury instruction).
Washington Jury Standard 18(c) (3rd ed. 1997); A.B.A. Jury Standard 18(c) (both of which indicate that trial judges should instruct the jury on the appropriate procedures to be followed during deliberations).
WPIC 151.00, WPI 1.08 (pattern jury instructions tell jurors to select a presiding juror and to fill out the verdict forms, but do not otherwise assist with suggested procedures).
A Juror’s Guide (juror’s pamphlet prepared by Washington’s trial judges’ associations telling jurors about some of the things they shouldn’t do during deliberations).