Drug offender sentencing alternative.
(1) An offender is eligible for the special drug offender sentencing alternative if:
(a) The offender is convicted of a felony that is not a violent offense or sex offense and the violation does not involve a sentence enhancement under RCW 9.94A.533 (3) or (4);
(b) The offender is convicted of a felony that is not a felony driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug under RCW 46.61.502(6) or felony physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug under RCW 46.61.504(6);
(c) The offender has no current or prior convictions for a sex offense at any time or violent offense within ten years before conviction of the current offense, in this state, another state, or the United States;
(d) For a violation of the Uniform Controlled Substances Act under chapter 69.50 RCW or a criminal solicitation to commit such a violation under chapter 9A.28 RCW, the offense involved only a small quantity of the particular controlled substance as determined by the judge upon consideration of such factors as the weight, purity, packaging, sale price, and street value of the controlled substance;
(e) The offender has not been found by the United States attorney general to be subject to a deportation detainer or order and does not become subject to a deportation order during the period of the sentence;
(f) The end of the standard sentence range for the current offense is greater than one year; and
(g) The offender has not received a drug offender sentencing alternative more than once in the prior ten years before the current offense.
(2) A motion for a special drug offender sentencing alternative may be made by the court, the offender, or the state.
(3) If the sentencing court determines that the offender is eligible for an alternative sentence under this section and the alternative sentence is appropriate, the court shall waive imposition of a sentence within the standard sentence range and impose a sentence consisting of either a prison-based alternative under [section 4 of this act] or a residential chemical dependency treatment-based alternative under [section 5 of this act]. The residential chemical dependency treatment-based alternative is only available if the midpoint of the standard range is twenty-four months or less.
(4) To assist the court in making its determination, the court may order the department of complete either or both a risk assessment report and a chemical dependency screening report as provided in RCW 9.94A.500.
(5)(a) If the court is considering imposing a sentence under the residential chemical dependency treatment-based alternative, the court may order an examination of the offender by the department. The examination shall, at a minimum, address the following issues:
(i) Whether the offender suffers from drug addiction;
(ii) Whether the addiction is such that there is a probability that criminal behavior will occur in the future;
(iii) Whether effective treatment for the offender's addiction is available from a provider that has been licensed or certified by the division of alcohol and substance abuse of the department of social and health services; and
(iv) Whether the offender and the community will benefit from the use of the alternative.
(b) The examination report must contain:
(i) A proposed monitoring plan, including any requirements regarding living conditions, lifestyle requirements, and monitoring by family members and others; and
(ii) Recommended crime-related prohibitions and affirmative conditions.
(6) When a court imposes a sentence of community custody under this section:
(a) The court may impose conditions as provided in RCW 9.94A.703 and may impose other affirmative conditions as the court considers appropriate. In addition, an offender may be required to pay thirty dollars per month while on community custody to offset the cost of monitoring for alcohol or controlled substances.
(b) The department may impose conditions and sanctions as authorized in RCW 9.94A.704 and RCW 9.94A.737.
(7)(a) The court may bring any offender sentenced under this section back into court at any time on its own initiative to evaluate the offender's progress in treatment or to determine if any violations of the conditions of the sentence have occurred.
(b) If the offender is brought back to court, the court may modify the conditions of the community custody or impose sanctions under (c) of this subsection.
(c) The court may order the offender to serve a term of total confinement within the standard range of the offender's current offense at any time during the period of community custody if the offender violates the conditions or requirements of the sentence or if the offender is failing to make satisfactory progress in treatment.
(d) An offender ordered to serve a term of total confinement under (c) of this subsection shall receive credit for any time previously served under this section.
(8) In serving a term of community custody imposed upon failure to complete, or administrative termination from, the special drug offender sentencing alternative program, the offender shall receive no credit for time served in community custody prior to termination of the offender’s particiapation in the program.
(9) An offender sentenced under this section shall be subject to all rules relating to earned release time with respect to any period served in total confinement.
(10) Costs of examinations and preparing treatment plans under a special drug offender sentencing alternative may be paid, at the option of the county, from funds provided to the county from the criminal justice treatment account under RCW 70.96A.350.
[2009 c 389 § 3; 2008 c 231 § 30; 2006 c 339 § 302; 2006 c 73 § 10; 2005 c 460 § 1. Prior: 2002 c 290 § 20; 2002 c 175 § 10; 2001 c 10 § 4; 2000 c 28 § 19.]
Reviser's note: This section was amended by 2006 c 73 § 10 and by 2006 c 339 § 302, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1).
Intent -- Application -- Application of repealers -- Effective date -- 2008 c 231: See notes following RCW <9.94A.701.
Severability -- 2008 c 231: See note following RCW 9.94A.500.
Intent -- Part headings not law -- 2006 c 339: See notes following RCW 70.96A.325.
Effective date -- 2006 c 73: See note following RCW 46.61.502.
Application -- 2005 c 460: "This act applies to sentences imposed on or after October 1, 2005." [2005 c 460 § 2.]
Effective date -- 2005 c 460: "This act takes effect October 1, 2005." [2005 c 460 § 3.]
Effective date -- 2002 c 290 §§ 7-11 and 14-023: See note following RCW 9.94A.515.
Intent -- 2002 c 290: See note following RCW 9.94A.517.
Effective date -- 2002 c 175: See note following RCW 7.80.130.
Intent -- Effective date -- 2001 c 10: See notes following RCW 9.94A.505.
Technical correction bill -- 2000 c 28: See note following RCW 9.94A.015.