Chapter 9.94A RCW
(1) An offender is eligible for the special drug offender sentencing alternative if:
(a) The offender is convicted of a felony that is not a violent offense or sex offense and the violation does not involve a sentence enhancement under RCW 9.94A.533 (3) or (4);
(b) The offender has no current or prior convictions for a sex offense at any time or violent offense within ten years before conviction of the current offense, in this state, another state, or the United States;
(c) For a violation of the Uniform Controlled Substances Act under chapter 69.50 RCW or a criminal solicitation to commit such a violation under chapter 9A.28 RCW, the offense involved only a small quantity of the particular controlled substance as determined by the judge upon consideration of such factors as the weight, purity, packaging, sale price, and street value of the controlled substance;
(d) The offender has not been found by the United States attorney general to be subject to a deportation detainer or order and does not become subject to a deportation order during the period of the sentence;
(e) The standard sentence range for the current offense is greater than one year; and
(f) The offender has not received a drug offender sentencing alternative more than once in the prior ten years before the current offense.
(2) A motion for a sentence under this section may be made by the court, the offender, or the state. If the sentencing court determines that the offender is eligible for this alternative, the court may order an examination of the offender. The examination shall, at a minimum, address the following issues:
(a) Whether the offender suffers from drug addiction;
(b) Whether the addiction is such that there is a probability that criminal behavior will occur in the future;
(c) Whether effective treatment for the offender’s addiction is available from a provider that has been licensed or certified by the division of alcohol and substance abuse of the department of social and health services; and
(d) Whether the offender and the community will benefit from the use of the alternative.
(3) The examination report must contain:
(a) Information on the issues required to be addressed in subsection (2) of this section; and
(b) A proposed treatment plan that must, at a minimum, contain:
(i) A proposed treatment provider that has been licensed or certified by the division of alcohol and substance abuse of the department of social and health services;
(ii) The recommended frequency and length of treatment, including both residential chemical dependency treatment and treatment in the community;
(iii) A proposed monitoring plan, including any requirements regarding living conditions, lifestyle requirements, and monitoring by family members and others; and
(iv) Recommended crime-related prohibitions and affirmative conditions.
(4) After receipt of the examination report, if the court determines that a sentence under this section is appropriate, the court shall waive imposition of a sentence within the standard sentence range and impose a sentence consisting of either a prison-based alternative under subsection (5) of this section or a residential chemical dependency treatment-based alternative under subsection (6) of this section. The residential chemical dependency treatment-based alternative is available only if the midpoint of the standard range is twenty-four months or less.
(5) The prison-based alternative shall include:
(a) A period of total confinement in a state facility for one-half of the midpoint of the standard sentence range. During incarceration in the state facility, offenders sentenced under this subsection shall undergo a comprehensive substance abuse assessment and receive, within available resources, treatment services appropriate for the offender. The treatment services shall be designed by the division of alcohol and substance abuse of the department of social and health services, in cooperation with the department of corrections;
(b) The remainder of the midpoint of the standard range as a term of community custody which must include appropriate substance abuse treatment in a program that has been approved by the division of alcohol and substance abuse of the department of social and health services. If the department finds that conditions have been willfully violated, the offender may be reclassified to serve the remaining balance of the original sentence. An offender who fails to complete the program or who is administratively terminated from the program shall be reclassified to serve the unexpired term of his or her sentence as ordered by the sentencing court;
(c) Crime-related prohibitions including a condition not to use illegal controlled substances;
(d) A requirement to submit to urinalysis or other testing to monitor that status; and
(e) A term of community custody pursuant to RCW 9.94A.715 to be imposed upon failure to complete or administrative termination from the special drug offender sentencing alternative program.
(6) The residential chemical dependency treatment-based alternative shall include:
(a) A term of community custody equal to one-half of the midpoint of the standard sentence range or two years, which ever is greater, conditioned on the offender entering and remaining in residential chemical dependency treatment certified under chapter 70.96A RCW for a period set by the court between three and six months. If the court imposes a term of community custody, the department shall, within available resources, make chemical dependency assessment and treatment services available to the offender during the term of community custody. The court shall impose, as conditions of community custody, treatment and other conditions as proposed in the plan under subsection (3)(b) of this section. The department may impose conditions and sanctions as authorized in RCW 9.94A.715(2), (3), (6), and (7), 9.94A.737, and 9.94A.740. The court shall schedule a progress hearing during the period of residential chemical dependency treatment, and schedule a treatment termination hearing for three months before the expiration of the term of community custody;
(b) Before the progress hearing and treatment termination hearing, the treatment provider and the department shall submit written reports to the court and parties regarding the offender’s compliance with treatment and monitoring conditions, and recommendations regarding termination from treatment. At the hearing, the court may:
(i) Authorize the department to terminate the offender’s community custody status on the expiration date determined under (a) of this subsection; or
(ii) Continue the hearing to a date before the expiration date of community custody, with or without modifying the conditions of community custody; or
(iii) Impose a term of total confinement equal to one-half of the midpoint of the standard sentence range, followed by a term of community custody under RCW 9.94A.715;
(c) If the court imposes a term of total confinement under (b)(iii) of this subsection, the department shall, within available resources, make chemical dependency assessment and treatment services available to the offender during the terms of total confinement and community custody.
(7) If the court imposes a sentence under this section, the court may prohibit the offender from using alcohol or controlled substances and may require that the monitoring for controlled substances be conducted by the department or by a treatment alternatives to street crime program or a comparable court or agency-referred program. The offender may be required to pay thirty dollars per month while on community custody to offset the cost of monitoring. In addition, the court may impose any of the following conditions:
(a) Devote time to a specific employment or training;
(b) Remain within prescribed geographical boundaries and notify the court or the community corrections officer before any change in the offender's address or employment;
(c) Report as directed to a community corrections officer;
(d) Pay all court-ordered legal financial obligations;
(e) Perform community restitution work;
(f) Stay out of areas designated by the sentencing court;
(g) Such other conditions as the court may require such as affirmative conditions.
(8)(a) The court may bring any offender sentenced under this section back into court at any time on its own initiative to evaluate the offender’s progress in treatment or to determine if any violations of the conditions of the sentence have occurred.
(b) If the offender is brought back to court, the court may modify the terms of the community custody or impose sanctions under (c) of this subsection;
(c) The court may order the offender to serve a term of total confinement within the standard range of the offender’s current offense at any time during the period of community custody if the offender violates the conditions of the sentence or if the offender is failing to make satisfactory progress in treatment;
(d) An offender ordered to serve a term of total confinement under (c) of this subsection shall receive credit for any time previously served under this section.
(9) If an offender sentenced to the prison-based alternative under subsection (5) of this section is found by the United States attorney general to be subject to a deportation order, a hearing shall be held by the department unless waived by the offender, and, if the department finds that the offender is subject to a valid deportation order, the department may administratively terminate the offender from the program and reclassify the offender to serve the remaining balance of the original sentence.
(10) An offender sentenced under this section shall be subject to all rules relating to earned release time with respect to any period served in total confinement.
(11) Costs of examination and preparing treatment plans under subsections (2) and (3) of this section may be paid, at the option of the county, from funds provided to the county from the criminal justice treatment account under RCW 70.96A.350.
[2005 c 460 § 1; 2003 c 379 § 10; 2002 c 290 § 20; 2002 c 175 § 10; 2001 c 10 § 4; 2000 c 28 § 19.]
Applicability -- 2005 c 460: “This act applies to sentences imposed on or after the effective date of this act.” [2005 c 460 § 2]
Effective date -- 2005 c 460: “This act takes effect October 1, 2005.” [2005 c 460 § 3]
Severability -- 2003 c 379: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [2003 c 379 § 28.]
Effective date -- 2003 c 379: "Sections 1 through 12, 20, and 28 of this act are necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and take effect July 1, 2003." [2003 c 379 § 29.]
Effective date -- 2002 c 290 §§ 7-11 and 14-23: See note following RCW 9.94A.515.
Intent -- 2002 c 290: See note following RCW 9.94A.517.
Effective date -- 2002 c 175: See note following RCW 7.80.130.
Intent -- Effective date -- 2001 c 10: See notes following RCW 9.94A.505.
Technical correction bill -- 2000 c 28: See note following RCW 9.94A.015.